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SCI: Environmental Science: Home

Course Assignment

How to write the literature review

To write the literature review, follow these steps:

  1. Analyze the topic - What exactly are you being asked to do?
  2. Locate appropriate published research on the topic - Be careful about using material you find on the Internet
  3. Read and understand the research you have located
  4. Summarize the research
  5. Analyze the research
    • What methods have been used?
    • What findings have been reported?
    • What common strands are there?
    • What differences are there?
    • What are the strengths and weaknesses of the research?
    • How convincing is the research?
    • What further research may be needed?
  6. Decide on an organization for your analysis. For example:
    • General to specific
    • Chronological (oldest to most recent)
    • Methodological
  7. Write your first draft


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This resource guide created by Corey Baker.