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MATH: Statistics

Subject Guide

Working with Statistics

Writing With Statistics
"This handout explains how to write with statistics including quick tips, writing descriptive statistics, writing inferential statistics, and using visuals with statistics."  From the Purdue Online Writing Lab.


Use NoodleTools to create your citations.  Because data / data sets are not specifically mentioned in the Chicago Manual of Style, you should use the format for a website and use the following to guide where you put the information:
  • "Author: Name(s) of each individual or organizational entity responsible for the creation of the dataset."*
  • "Title: Complete title of the dataset, including the edition or version number, if applicable."*
  • "Date of Publication: Year the dataset was published or disseminated."*
  • "Publisher and/or Distributor: Organizational entity that makes the dataset available by archiving, producing, publishing, and/or distributing the dataset."*
  • "Electronic Location or Identifier: Web address or unique, persistent, global identifier used to locate the dataset (such as a DOI). Append the date retrieved if the title and locator are not specific to the exact instance of the data you used."

These elements can be combined as in the examples below, Chicago-style.

Foot or End Note 19. Stephen Ansolabehere, Maxwell Palmer, and Amanda Lee, Precinct-Level Election Data, V1 (January 20, 2014), distributed by Harvard Election Data Archive, UNF:5:5C9UfGjdLy2ONVPtgr45qA==.
Ansolabehere, Stephen, Maxwell Palmer, and Amanda Lee. Precinct-Level Election Data. V1. January 20, 2014. Distributed by Harvard Election Data Archive. UNF:5:5C9UfGjdLy2ONVPtgr45qA==.

(from IASSIST (International Association for Social Science Information Services & Technology), Special Interest Group on Data Citation, Quick Guide to Data Citation (2012), webpage, Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0 US),

To cite individual statistical tables, use the Advanced level of Noodletools and the source should be a Map or Chart.  As a librarian if you need additional help.