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Quote & Paraphrase

When you use someone else's research, information, or ideas, you will need to quote or paraphrase it.

Quoting and paraphrasing add evidence to your research, and give credit where credit is due:

  • Quotation - When you use the exact words from the source, put quotation marks around the words that are not your own and cite it.
  • Paraphrasing - When you use ideas from another source in your own words, then you need to cite where the idea or facts came from.

Simply changing a few words from the original source is plagiarism. If you cannot state an idea in your own words, you should quote the original source. 

Ideally, papers will contain a good balance of direct quotations, paraphrasing, and your own thoughts. Use quotes and paraphrasing to support your own ideas, rather than relying solely on another's work.

Please remember the guidelines in the Milton Academy Academic Integrity Guide. There are examples of what constitutes good quoting and paraphrasing practice.

Always properly cite an author's original idea whether you have directly quoted or paraphrased it. Use these guides to help you cite basic materials, but if you have questions about how to cite properly, Ask a Librarian.